蕭 閎偉 (ショウ コウジ)

HSIAO Hongwei

写真a

機関リポジトリ

職名

講師

研究室所在地

杉本キャンパス

ホームページ

http://www.urban.eng.osaka-cu.ac.jp/groups/plan/index.html

メールアドレス

メールアドレス

旧氏名・ペンネーム等

SHO Koji、

取得学位 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 東京大学 -  博士(工学)

研究分野 【 表示 / 非表示

都市計画・建築計画

研究概要 【 表示 / 非表示

  • まちづくりの効果に関する検証、都市デザイン・開発制度の実証的研究を中心(台湾の台北市、日本の大阪、東京が主な対象)に取り組んでいる。

研究キーワード 【 表示 / 非表示

都市開発・市街地再開発制度, 都市デザイン, 都市計画, まちづくり

研究歴 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 地震・津波に対するレジリエントな住まい・コミュニティづくり

    (機関内共同研究) 研究期間:

    2018年05月
    -
    現在

  • 分極化する都市空間におけるレジリエントな地域再成と包容力ある都市論の構想

    (機関内共同研究) 研究期間:

    2018年04月
    -
    現在

  • Walkable Cityコンセプトの健康都市計画への適用可能性に関する研究

    (機関内共同研究) 研究期間:

    2017年10月
    -
    2018年03月

所属学協会 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 日本建築学会

  • 土木学会

  • 都市住宅学会

  • 計画行政学会

  • 日本都市計画学会

委員歴等 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 2018年06月
    -
    現在

    日本建築学会近畿支部 都市計画部会   部会委員

  • 2018年05月
    -
    現在

    土木学会 高橋裕22世紀国づくりプロジェクト   委員

  • 2018年04月
    -
    現在

    公益財団法人日本都市計画学会関西支部   研究発表委員会 委員

  • 2018年01月
    -
    現在

    東大阪「まちづくり政策研究会」   学識経験者

  • 2017年07月
    -
    現在

    土木学会 「ITSとインフラ・地域・まちづくり」小委員会   委員

受賞歴 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 2017年度日本都市計画学会賞・論文奨励賞

    2018年06月01日   公益社団法人 日本都市計画学会

  • 2017年(第11回)台湾物業管理学会・優良論文奨

    2017年06月01日  

  • 2016年(第10回)台湾物業管理学会・佳作論文奨

    2016年06月01日  

  • 2013年台湾都市計画学会・日台都市計画奨励賞

    2013年08月  

現在の職務 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 大阪市立大学   工学研究科   都市系専攻   講師  

  • 大阪市立大学   工学部   建築学科   講師  

職務経歴 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 2016年09月
    -
    2017年09月

    首都大学東京   大学院都市環境科学研究科建築学域   特任助教

出身大学院 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 2014年10月
    -
    2017年09月

    東京大学  工学系研究科  都市工学専攻  博士課程

 

論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 歴史的街区における容積移転制度の導入の意義と課題の解明:台北市における容積移転諸制度の運用に関する研究 その2

    蕭 閎偉, 城所 哲夫, 瀬田 史彦

    日本建築学会 日本建築学会計画系論文集  82 ( 742 ) 3147 - 3157 2017年12月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    &nbsp;&ldquo;Transfer of development right (TDR)&rdquo; has been considered as an important institution for the urban regeneration since recently. The TDR system is first released in 1990 in Taipei city. Today, there are many TDR institutions in Taipei, Taiwan. The important point is that all of them could be utilized overall the Taipei city, so the integrity between TDR and existing urban plan is important.<br>&nbsp;We focus on the TDR institution for conservation of historical district in Dihua Street (DS), Taipei city, Taiwan. Previous studies have revealed the basic system and its historical background of the establishment of this institution. This study focuses on the analysis of the characteristic of sending site as well as receiving site of DS-TDR form the view of urban plan. Besides, we also analyze the meaning of the latest detail plan (revised) which is released Jun. 2016.<br>&nbsp;We estimate the achievement of DS-TDR from both the view of sending site and receiving site based on the latest data. We consider that bias of the amount of receiving site exists, most receiving sites are located in Zhongshan district. What' more, although Datong district is also designated as the priority area for receiving site, there are only few cases as a matter of fact. The integrity between DS-TDR and existing urban plan is secured by the double-deliberation system of Taipei city urban regeneration committee and Taipei city urban design committee, TDR can still give impact to the nearby environment of receiving site. It will be a solution to integrate DS-TDR into the new type of urban plan TDR: Floor area bank. Actually, it is proposed as an article in the latest detail plan (revised) in 2016, however the residents of Dihua Street are still fighting against that. Based on our estimation of macro level about the integrity between urban plan and DS-TDR, we consider that the preservation is successful from the view point of sending site. On the other hand, the achievement of designated receiving site is not effective from the view point of receiving site.<br>&nbsp;Besides, we consider although the preservation is successful and those historical building is now revitalized as community space, a huge amount is provided as the reward for it based on our estimation of micro level about the integrity between urban plan and DS-TDR.

    DOI CiNii

  • 台北市における都市更新の事業実施プロセスとその実態:竣工済みの実例に基づく実施範囲・方式別の特徴に関する分析

    蕭 閎偉, 瀬田 史彦

    日本建築学会 日本建築学会計画系論文集  82 ( 741 ) 2875 - 2883 2017年11月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    &nbsp;This study focuses on the &ldquo;urban renewal&rdquo; in Taipei city, Taiwan. Urban renewal system in Taiwan is similar to the system of Japan. However, it has been utilized for the recovery after the 1999 Jiji earthquake (also called 921 earthquake). After then, the urban renewal system in Taiwan, especially Taipei has developed and evolved hugely. However, most of the previous researches about the system in Taiwan focus on the cases of recovery of Jiji earthquake.<br>&nbsp;In this study, we first summarize and make clear the project execution process of urban renewal in Taipei city based on interview and literature review. We classify urban renewal projects into &ldquo;Urban renewal Area&rdquo; and &ldquo;Urban renewal Unit&rdquo; by their range and &ldquo;Rights Transformation&rdquo; and &ldquo;Joint Construction Agreement&rdquo; by the project execution method. What&rsquo;s more, the &ldquo;Right Transfer&rdquo; type can be further classified into 2 types by whether submitting the &ldquo;Right Transfer Plan&rdquo; or not. In order to realize the characteristic of each type of them, we pick up 70 practical completed projects.<br>&nbsp;We discovered that &ldquo;Urban renewal Area&rdquo; project takes relatively long period although they have higher ratio of agreement; besides, the bonus floor area is also higher. &ldquo;Urban renewal Unit&rdquo; takes shorter time and the rate of increase of the property right is higher. &ldquo;Joint Construction Agreement Method&rdquo; has extremely high rate of agreement so it takes short period. Beside, the distribution rate is high since these projects are leaded by land owners. On the other hand, &ldquo;right transfer&rdquo; takes long time but the rate of increase of the property right is higher.<br>&nbsp;We also pointed out some issues including:<br>&nbsp;(1) Although the 50% of designated floor area ratio is established as the limit of bonus floor area, other kind of bonus floor area institution could be utilized in the same time. So in most cases the total bonus floor area is nearly 50% and some cases are over the limit as a consequence.<br>&nbsp;(2) Due to the abundant bonus floor area, all these urban renewal projects are rebuilt as high-rise building. This might cause the over-supply of property market and will also break the balance of local community and landscape.<br>&nbsp;(3) What&rsquo;s more, since the resettlement ratio of existing resident is totally low and the property value of these new building is too expensive, it&rsquo;s considered that &ldquo;gentrification&rdquo; might occur and some strategy will be needed.<br>&nbsp;Finally, the limitation of this study is that due to the amount of completed projects of &ldquo;urban unit&rdquo; type is not enough now. It is essential to pick up single case to analyze the concrete characteristic of &ldquo;urban unit&rdquo; type.

    DOI CiNii

  • 容積バンクの成立要因及び課題の解明:台北市における容積移転諸制度の運用に関する研究 その1

    蕭 閎 偉, 城所 哲夫, 瀬田 史彦

    日本建築学会 日本建築学会計画系論文集  82 ( 740 ) 2649 - 2659 2017年10月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    &nbsp;&ldquo;Transfer of development right (TDR)&rdquo; has been considered as an important institution for the urban regeneration since recently. The TDR system is first released in 1990 in Taipei city. Today, there are many TDR institutions in Taipei, Taiwan. The important point is that all of them could be utilized overall the Taipei city, so the integrity between TDR and existing urban plan is important.<br>&nbsp;In this study, we first summarize several TDR institutions including Monument TDR, Urban plan TDR and Dihua Street TDR in Taipei city. Then we make clear the position and characteristic of TDR within the existing urban plan system. Then, we focus on compare the difference of new type of Urban plan TDR called Floor area bank (FAB) started in Taipei since 2014 with previous TDR. We first clarify the system of Floor area bank in Taipei city and the reason why it was established as the substitute of existing TDR institution. The difference between FAB-TDR and existing urban plan TDR is that, by donating land for public facility to Taipei city government, developers can get floor area same as the value of that land in the past. However, developers should pay the &ldquo;Floor area fee&rdquo; to the &ldquo;Floor Bank&rdquo; (Taipei city government) to get the floor area, and the amount of floor area will be decided by the &ldquo;Urban design committee of Taipei city&rdquo; based on the application of developer.<br>&nbsp;We consider that all TDR institution is a kind of instrument for obtaining extra floor area. Actually, developers use several institutions for obtaining extra floor area including TDR and other institutions, for example, &ldquo;Bonus floor area&rdquo; institution is also one of that. However, the difference between TDR and Bonus floor area is that the floor area acquired from TDR is permanent. To protect the right of accepting site of TDR, certificate of TDR will be issued by Taipei city government. Besides, accepting site will also be recorded in the online zoning system of Taipei city.<br>&nbsp;We then make clear the characteristic of FAB-TDR by operating the actual utilization cases. From the macro level, FAB-TDR actually solves the issues of unbalanced location of receiving site in the previous TDR institutions by operating total volume control. From the micro level, we can see how urban design committee plays an important role on controlling the nearby community of receiving site. What' more, by operating the evaluation of &ldquo;Floor area fee&rdquo; and the deliberation of urban design committee, it shortens the process of using FAB-TDR. Basically, it takes about 8 months.<br>&nbsp;Finally, we summarize the key factor of the success of FAB-TDR and summarize the issues of it today. From the viewpoint of Taipei city government, FAB-TDR should consider about to provides some incentive for the user. From the viewpoint of user (developer), the cost of FAB-TDR is too expensive. From the viewpoint of appraisal, appraisal method of &ldquo;Floor area fee&rdquo; should be modified.

    DOI CiNii

  • 集合住宅共有部分の改修工事における居住者参加に関する研究:中国大連市の関連法律及び各管理主体による集合住宅改修事例に着目して

    崔 学 琪, 角田 誠, 蕭 閎 偉, 李 祥 準, 讃岐 亮

    日本建築学会 日本建築学会計画系論文集  82 ( 739 ) 2197 - 2205 2017年09月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    &nbsp;Since the policy of Chinese housing institution reform in 1991, the extent of housing market in China increases gradually. In recent years, with the rapid development and growth of housing market in Chinese, repair work for the condominium, especially the common part has been an issue for the property management. In addition, since condominiums is provided and managed by various actors, there are several agents nowadays.<br>&nbsp;The purposes of this study are: (1) To clarify the legal structure about the repair work of condominium in China. (2) To clarify the characteristics of resident participation in repair work promoted by different agents based on the practical cases. (3) To clarify the difference between the legal structure and the practical cases. Finally, we would like to propose some suggestions for improving the resident participation in repair work for condominium in China.<br>&nbsp;Through analyzing the legal structure, since the year of 1983, the related laws about repair work include responsibility of stakeholders, fundraising and construction. The 3 practical cases are managed by 3 different agents including Construction Company (developer), Property Company and Community (社区). These 3 cases have 4 phases in common including: (1) Initiation, (2) Fundraising, (3) Planning, (4) Construction; Resident participation in these 4 phases are different in each case.<br>&nbsp;Our analysis has revealed that:(1) Initiation of the project are mainly proposed by residents, however, the decision is mainly made by agent. (2) The ideal condition of fundraising is to use maintenance fee according to legal system. However, only 1 case that agent assist residents to establish owners' committee in order to use this fund. The others cases apply the government subsidy or use the co-investment from both resident and agent. (3) Planning phase is basically managed and organized by agent. Residents respond their suggestion by questionnaire in the case of condominium managed by government; private agent takes residents' suggestion arbitrarily. (4) Construction process is imperfect compared with legal process and system. The resident participation is only receiving notification passively without timely feedback.<br>&nbsp;In order to promote the resident participation in repair work for condominium in the future, we propose some suggestions for the legal institution reform in China. (1) To raise the awareness of residents about repair work and property right. (2) Meanwhile, in order to increase the use of maintenance fee, simplifying the process of application is sufficient. (3) To educate and guide residents how to make plan with the support of specialist.(4) To improve timely feedback in construction process for resident. Finally, we consider that future study might focus on other point of view in resident participation in repair work of condominium such as the social-economical structure of residents and the case comparison between Japan and China.

    DOI CiNii

  • Study on Adaptation of the Neighborhood Theory for Resettlement Housing in Taipei City Focusing on their Location and Accessibility

    讚岐亮,蕭閎偉,楊詩弘,謝秉銓

    物業管理学会論文集  11   74 - 83 2017年06月  [査読有り]

全件表示 >>

その他研究活動(Works) 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 公益社団法人日本都市計画学会関西支部研究発表委員会 委員

    その他 

    2018年04月
    -
    現在
  • 大阪市立大学Walkable City研究会 発起人

    その他 

    2018年03月
    -
    現在

科研費(文科省・学振)獲得実績 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 分極化する都市空間におけるレジリエントな地域再成と包容力ある都市論の構想

    基盤研究(B) 分担者・その他

    研究期間:

    2018年04月
    -
    2020年03月
     

その他資金獲得実績 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 分譲住宅団地における大規模修繕の実態に関する研究:東京、大阪、名古屋、札幌、福岡などの主要都市を対象として

    制度名:  公益財団法人 LIXIL住生活財団 若手研究助成(若手研究者) (研究助成)  代表者

    研究期間:

    2018年01月
    -
    2018年12月

  • Walkable city

    制度名:  知と健康のグローカル拠点事業 (学内研究費)  代表者

    研究期間:

    2017年10月
    -
    2018年03月

  • 社会的弱者集住地域に対する社会的包摂支援による共生と協働コミュニティの構築の可能性

    制度名:  28年度研究助成 (研究助成)  代表者

    研究期間:

    2017年01月
    -
    2017年12月

  • 都市更新を活用した台北市整建住宅の事例から見る大規模住宅団地の更新・改修に関する研究

    制度名:  アジア高度研究 代表者

    研究期間:

    2016年09月
    -
    2017年09月

  • 社会的不利地域における福祉のまちづくりの実践に関する研究―大阪市と台北市の事例比較―

    制度名:  公益財団法人村田学術振興財団 研究者海外派遣 (研究助成)  代表者

    研究期間:

    2016年08月
    -
    2016年12月

全件表示 >>

 

担当授業科目(学内) 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 前期特別研究(都市系専攻)

    (2018年度)大学院 専門科目

  • 都市学入門

    (2018年度)大学 共通(教育)科目

  • 都市論

    (2018年度)大学 専門科目

  • 計画・デザイン演習 II

    (2018年度)大学 専門科目

  • 都市デザイン総合演習

    (2018年度)大学 専門科目

全件表示 >>